Humans of Syria（الإنسان في سوريا），一個成立於 2015 年 3 月 14 日的非營利計畫，由來自世界各地的志願者組成，透過人物拍攝與專訪，呈現敘利亞人在戰爭中的第一手故事，祈願能得到世界的注意與協助。
過去，HOS 的訪談內容僅以為英文、阿拉伯文與法文呈現。今年 5 月，「換日線阿拉伯」的編輯在無意間發現 Humans Of Syria 這個粉絲專頁後，秉持著將為「阿迷」開發更多阿拉伯世界的第一手報導，決定與 HOS 進行合作，獨家呈現中文授權版本的敘利亞故事，得到熱烈迴響。
來自敘利亞、年紀才 30 出頭的 Marvin Jamal 是 HOS 計畫的重要推手，也是 12 個共同創辦者（co-founder）之一。她在組織裡負責協調、對外溝通的工作，帶領超過 70 名志願者，替那些被主流媒體忽略的敘利亞人發聲，讓世界得以透過珍貴的第一手報導，認識「數字」之外、充滿人性的敘利亞。
換日線編輯團隊專訪 Marvin 女士，聽她談談這三年多來，她是如何組織、傳遞這些令人心碎的敘利亞故事。
問：成立 Humans of Syria 的目的是什麼？是否受到 Humans of New York 的啟發？兩者之間有何異同？
答：當初成立 Humans of Syria 就是希望能強調那些「在社會上沒有聲音」的敘利亞人的故事。他們在媒體上的呈現往往僅是「數字」，因此我們想將發生在敘利亞的衝突變得人性化，並特別強調敘利亞個體在衝突中克服困難的成就；他們每天生活在沒有水電的圍城之中，在這之中他們想到了什麼解方？分享這些故事就是我們成立 HOS 的初衷。
另外，這個計畫確實受到 Humans of New York 啟發。當初我們希望能找到一個最好的方式去呈現這些故事，而這也的確是個很棒的點子。不同的是，就我所知 Humans of New York 由一個人在經營，對攝影師來說是一個更開放的發表空間；我們的目標讀者與成立目的不一樣。
媒體是向大眾呈現敘利亞的最大角色，但這也與政治有關係。敘利亞裡面並沒有太多的國際記者可以記錄這些事情，而這也是我們當初成立 HOS 的另一個原因，這樣一來便能連結媒體記者與專業的地下攝影師，以便讓他們取得並證實各種細節。
問：在運作 HOS 時，妳曾經遇到過什麼樣的困難嗎？而妳又是如何去處理這些問題的？
答：當然，事實上我們確實遭遇了許多困難。首先，這是一個零資金的志願者計畫，所以在鼓勵志願者繼續參與組織這方面是很困難的，尤其他們又生活在艱困的環境中，他們更需要得以維持生活所需的東西。但好的一方面是，我們的志願者已經超過 70 人了，他們分別來自敘利亞、黎巴嫩、土耳其，從事攝影、設計、協調與翻譯（英語與法語）的工作。
再者，我們的志願者分布在世界上的各個角落，從新聞工作者到公民抗議者，他們幫助這個計畫做翻譯、聯繫、支持與策展工作。我也很榮幸看到這些志願者從 2015 年 3 月 14 日計畫開始至今，默默持續了將近 4 年。
Q: What is the purpose of establishing Humans of Syria? Is that inspired by Humans of New York? What do you think about these two projects?
A: The purpose of establishing the project is to highlight the stories of the individuals in Syria who didn't have the voice. The humans were presented as numbers more on the news, so we wanted to humanize the conflict in Syria and to highlight the achievements that were accomplished by individuals who overcome the difficulties of the daily life by under siege when they don't have the electricity and water. What are the solutions that they created? We established HOS in order to share these stories.
We have 3 target audience: the first is the people in the protest / revolution areas, so they can learn from each other, and also the people inside Syria and other countries, so they can actually know that these are humans; they're not all fighters as there isn't usually promote it to the world to highlight the stories of these individuals who are usually presented as numbers.
The second purpose is to create a free, independent space for Syrian photographers as they usually work with news agencies and they're not connected or they are usually received specific request. So this is an independent volunteering project with zero funding. It was the idea to create this free space for the photographers, so they can exchange their experience to get to know each other and to actually have the possibility to decide and create their own projects.
The third one is to highlight the importance of the volunteering project in Syria with many NGOs working with the fund, and somehow it’s a bit hard for people to join volunteering projects without fund.
Also, the project was inspired by “Humans of New York.” We were thinking what is the best way to present these stories and we thought that it was a great idea. And the differences between “Humans of Syria” and “Humans of New York” are that the Humans of New York is one-photographer as I know and this is more as an open space for all photographers──they have different purposes and different target audience. So it's the same way to display the stories but the different purpose and different goals actually.
Q: What is your opinion about the misrepresentation of mainstream media and people’s stereotype of Syrians?
A: As my opinion, I think that Syrians are usually presented on the media as “numbers.” They’re presented as weak and a needy group of people, which is not the truth. Also, they are presented as terrorists or fighters all the time, or that there is a civil war in Syria.
While underground, people are normal civilians. I'm talking about the groups that we prepare the stories from underground, there are millions of civilians in Syria who overcame everyday challenges by their own, and they didn't receive the support from the international humanitarian agencies like the UN. They lived under sieges for years without anyone interfering to stop these massacres, and all this violence with bombing and sieges.
For me, they're presented in a really different way. So when you go outside Syria, you’ll see that people don't actually understand what's happening in Syria, and they don't know the realities of the real human side behind these news about battles and fights. This is why we established the project to clarify when you see someone who lived under seige, you need to know what a siege is and what they went through at the human side.
I think the media did the biggest role on how Syrian are represented, but it's also about political decisions. There weren't a lot of international journalists who are able to record from Syria. That’s also another reason that we created this project, so the idea is also to connect the journalists with professional photographers underground, as they wanted to verify news to get more details.
Q: Have you ever encountered any difficulties when running HOS? How did you solve them?
A: Of course, there were many difficulties actually. First, as I said, it's a volunteer-project with zero funds, so it's really hard to encourage the volunteers to continue. Especially they're living in a really hard situation; they need something to meet their life needs. But actually, what was really great is that the volunteering for volunteers grow up to more than 70 volunteers around Syria, Lebanon and Turkey between photographers, designers, coordinator and translators (to English and French).
Also, it is difficult to continue publishing these stories with the same level, and the hardest is the level of the security that they are living under──they are always facing bombs and airstrikes, so we're always under threats. It is really hard because we can't offer any protection, so we don't ask any photographers to go out for something daily, just share the stories with us when it's possible.
And it is also psychologically hard for us when we do the interviews or working on these stories. We are receiving all these hard stories and present them to the world, yet it's disappointing that we neither receive the real recognition, nor see any changes.
However, we don't have a specific request, like we don't have to share specific number of stories by week, so it's for us to decide when to share the stories. We are flexible with the number of stories we're receiving, so the volunteers never face any pressure.
In terms of the media, we tried to work as much as possible to have more variety of stories, so we have different stories to show the bigger pictures of each area, hoping that this will help to give clear image about situation to the world. And in terms of security threats, we couldn't do anything actually, because it's out of our hands.
There are also a group of volunteers all over the world, from journalist to civil activists who are helping the project whether by translating or connecting us with journalists or supporting to prepare the exhibits that we have.
And for the volunteers, it’s really an honor to see that the project continued for almost 4 years since 14 March, 2015 until today. And the volunteers actually surprised us to see that the spirits for volunteering is really there. It just need more organizing and more support. People are willing openly to share their stories and their work with zero fund because they wanted to tell the truth. This is why they went to the streets and joined the revolution.
Q: Since HOS never accept any fund or payment, how do you gather these volunteers and maintain this project?
A: We informed the volunteers, and everyone who accept it we add them to the group. Also, we have open discussions about what we're doing. So, as I said, it was hard. But they have the spirits and they were joining for them. It was a revolution and it deserved the efforts. And this is a part of the purposes of their revolution to tell the truth and the stories.
Photo Credit：取自 Humans Of Syria 臉書專頁（Photo by: Laith Al Abdullah）